the essence of Islam. To understand the purity and
uniqueness of Islam, one must first study its concept of
First, Muslims recognize
that God alone is Divine, and that no entity nor being
shares any of His powers or rights. "God created all things
and He is the agent upon which all things depend." [39:62].
Second, and this is what
distinguishes Islam from other faiths. Muslims must not
violate the oneness of God in their worship and devotion.
There is no praying to, nor through an intermediary, whether
it be a prophet, priest, saint or idol. The Prophet made it
clear to Muslims that there can only be one object of their
worship-God/Allah. There can be no believing in horoscopes,
and no fearing "unlucky" numbers. One should only pray to
God, put all hope in God, love Him before all else, and only
fear the wrath of God. "Do not worship besides God that
which cannot help nor harm you." [21:66].
monotheism also includes recognizing the perfect names and
attributes of God, which He gave himself in the Qur'an. He
is Ar-Rahman, the All-Merciful, He created beings in need of
that mercy, namely, humans. He is Al-Adl, The Just, and
therefore rewards and punishes according to what each person
has earned. One cannot compare His love, mercy, wrath,
sight, or any other characteristic to that of anyone or
anything else. All of the attributes of humankind are
created; the attributes of God are not created, but have
always existed and are eternal.
One of the earliest revelations to Prophet Muhammad reads:
"Say: He is Allah, the One, Allah, the Self-Sufficient
Master upon Whom all depend, He begets not, nor is He
begotten, and there is none who is comparable unto Him."
Another beautiful verse, known as 'The Verse of the Kursi/Footstool,'
shows more of His attributes: "Allah! None has the right to
be worshipped except He, the Ever Living, the One Who
sustains and protects all that exists. Neither slumber nor
sleep overtake Him. To Him belongs whatever is in the
heavens and whatever is on the earth. Who is he that can
intercede with Him except with His permission? He knows what
happens to them (His creatures) in this world, and what will
happen to them in the Hereafter. And they will never compass
anything of His knowledge except that which He wills. His
Kursi/footstool extends over the heavens and the earth, and
He feels no fatigue in guarding and preserving them. And He
is the Most High, the Most Great." [2:255].